John McCarthy

IRL Name: 
John McCarthy

John McCarthy was born on September 4, 1927 at Boston, Massachusetts. While at MIT, he made significant contributions to the field of computing, including creating the LISP programming system and organizing and directing the MIT Artificial Intelligence Project with Marvin Minsky. McCarthy also motivated Jack Dennis to develop a timesharing system for the PDP-1 and later Marvin Minsky and Fernando Corbato to pursue timesharing work under Project MAC.


He subsequently coined the term “artificial intelligence” in a 1955 proposal for a conference to be held at Dartmouth College on the topic in the summer of 1956.

At Stanford, McCarthy started the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (also known as Stanford AI Lab or SAIL).

In 1971, he received the ACM Turing Award.