Par, The ParMaster


ParMaster is the Sysop/Co-Sysop of DarkF0RCE who during his time belonged to a group of teenagers involved in breaking the copy protections on software programs for Apple IIe's, particularly games. Par had a special gift for working out the copy protection parameters, which was a first step in bypassing the manufacturers' protection schemes.

The US Secret Service raided him in 1991 and took all his stuff (the 3rd time) including the credit reports of the President (iffie) and Vice President
(definitely) of the United States of America. He was in jail in New York waiting for transport, and was never really threatened or hurt, except once and it was a major incident for him but doesn't think it was influenced by anyone.


The ringleader [sc0tch] of the group [Jedi Hackers] calls him 'the master of parameters' -The ParMaster- Par, for short.

He did an interview for Coast Weekly Magazine in Monterey County in 1993.

He avoided capture by the United States Secret Service from July 1989 to November 1991.